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The Fishy Side of Ocean City, MD
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With its sandy beaches and boardwalk attractions, Ocean City is the quintessential family summer vacation destination. It’s also a popular spot for sport fishermen and boaters traveling up and down the East Coast. But it wasn’t always that way. 

Ocean City was established on a barrier island called Assateague that extended 60 miles from the Indian River Inlet in Delaware to Chincoteague, VA. The section of the island belonging to the State of Maryland had no outlet to the sea, and early visitors came to bathe in the surf and take in the fresh ocean breezes. These travelers arrived by ferry boat from the mainland until 1876 when a wooden trestle train bridge was built. 

In its younger days, Ocean City was half resort town and half fishing village. The fishing was “pound fishing,” a style I’d wager few people today have ever seen. It was practiced originally by Native Americans and became popular in the 19 century along the East Coast from Maritime Canada to the Carolinas.

Pound fisherman used wide nets attached to wooden poles to catch fish. They drove these tall poles into the ocean floor about a half mile from shore, creating permanent structures called pounds. When fish entered the open end of a pound, they were then corralled by the nets and couldn’t escape. 

With no passage into the Atlantic, crews of Ocean City fishermen needed to launch 40-foot boats from the beach directly into the ocean and row out to the pounds. To harvest the fish, the crew would remove the ends of the nets from the poles and pull them up by hand. The fish were then brought back to shore, carted across the island, packed in barrels of ice and shipped via railroad to fish markets in Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York.

It was laborious work, and for years local businessmen petitioned state and federal agencies to create a manmade inlet to connect the bay directly to more fertile fishing grounds farther off the coast.

A Fierce Storm Carves Out a New Inlet

In August of 1933, a hurricane came ashore in Norfolk, VA, and then tracked up the center of the Chesapeake Bay, bringing up to 10 inches of rain per day and flooding the back bays to the west of Ocean City. Oceanside, wind and waves destroyed homes, hotels and businesses on the town’s boardwalk. 

When the storm subsided, the railroad bridge and fish camps had been washed away, replaced by an inlet 50 feet wide and eight feet deep that formed when built-up water driven by high tides rushed east over the barrier island from the swollen back bays to the ocean. Mother Nature did what governments wouldn’t do, and it changed Ocean City forever.

It didn’t take long for officials to take advantage of this event and enlarge the inlet to ensure its permanence. As a result, a commercial harbor, marinas and docks began sprouting up around the inlet and across the bay on the mainland. Most fishing was commercial in those immediate post-hurricane years, but a few captains realized the recreational fishing potential in the shoals and fertile canyons offshore that were teaming with billfish and other species. During World War II, a lack of fuel and the presence of German U-Boats in the Atlantic virtually shut down offshore fishing. Things picked up after the war, and by the late 1950s and 1960s more and more fishermen were coming to Ocean City. 

But it was the white marlin that really put Ocean City on the sport fishing map. A challenging fish known for its beauty, the white marlin wows anglers with its speed and jumping antics. These fish travel in packs and are prevalent in Maryland waters in late summer and early fall. 

Sport fishermen have been chasing white marlins off the coast of Maryland since 1934 when President Franklin Roosevelt visited and caught two of the feisty billfish. To celebrate this exceptional fish and attract more attention to Ocean City, local fishermen launched the White Marlin Open in 1974. Fifty-seven boats entered that first year. By contrast, the 2021 Open drew 444 boats, more than 3,500 contestants – including NBA superstar Michael Jordan – and awarded $9.2 million dollars in prize money making Ocean City the undisputed “White Marlin Capital of the World.”

Ocean City today counts eight marinas, 20 fishing tournaments and numerous charter boats. According to the city council, boating and sportfishing are significant economic drivers bringing tens of millions of dollars annually to the local economy. 

So, whether you’re a hardcore sport fisherman, casual angler or a boater who simply enjoys a cocktail dockside at sunset, there’s something for everyone “Goin’ downy O, Hon!” as native Marylanders like to say about a visit to their beloved Ocean City.

Check Out Three World-Class OC Fishing Tournaments

Ocean City Tuna Tournament

July 8-10, 2022

Entering its 35th year, this has become the world’s largest tuna tournament with more than 100 participating boats and a record payout that eclipsed $1 million in 2021. 

White Marlin Open

August 8-12, 2022

First held in 1974, the WMO is inarguably the highlight of the Ocean City fishing tournament calendar. Now the biggest and richest billfish tournament in the world, the WMO drew 444 boats and 3,500+ contestants last year.

Poor Girls Open

August 17-20, 2022

Launched in 1994, this is the largest ladies-only billfish release tournament benefitting breast cancer research. Despite its charitable overtones, the tournament is all about the fishing, and the hundreds of boats and hundreds of competitors take it very seriously.

The Orange Crush: A Cocktail Born on the OC Docks

The Orange Crush is a staple cocktail in most Maryland bars. It’s basically a screwdriver with a shot of triple sec and a splash of lemon-lime soda. The secret to a good one, though, is fresh-squeezed orange juice. And there’s no place better to try one than the Harborside Bar & Grill in Ocean City where the cocktail is said to have originated on a slow night in 1995 when a couple of bartenders were bored and playing around with a bottle of orange-flavored vodka.

Harborside is a wooden establishment whose backside opens onto the commercial harbor in West Ocean City. Gritty is the word that comes to mind. As you would expect, the sign out front boldly announces the home of the Orange Crush, as do newspaper articles framed on the walls and t-shirts for sale. Inside, people pound crabs and watch the Orioles play baseball. Ceiling fans whirl, and it smells of Old Bay and French fries. White lights strung across the ceiling add a festive touch. It doesn’t get more Maryland than that. 

To try your first Orange Crush, visit Harborside Bar & Grill, in Ocean City, MD, 410-213-1846.

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There Once Was a Basket from Nantucket
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For many reasons, boat lovers and landlubbers love Nantucket. The well-known island 30 miles off the Massachusetts coast has great maritime history, picturesque scenery, unspoiled beaches, boutique shopping, a nice marina and seafood galore.It's also home to a unique basketmaking tradition developed in the second half of the 19th century by manly men who manned the lightships that warned of dangerous waters around the island.Today, the Nantucket baskets they wove are ubiquitous to the island as both a popular souvenir and a highly collectible object that reflects the island's fascinating history and heritage.

Baskets Born of Necessity and Boredom

In 1820, the United States began building and converting ships into lightships in coastal waters and the Great Lakes. These vessels served as floating beacons to identify perilous shoals, reefs and shifting channels in places where lighthouse construction wasn't possible. The ships housed bright and navigational light beacons atop their masts to guide maritime traffic.

basket - history - marinalife
Friendship basket purse made by José Formoso Reyes in 1950 | The Nantucket Historical Association[/caption]

The waters around Nantucket were well traversed and very treacherous. In Nantucket Sound, sandbars muddled traffic, so the U.S. government placed a lightship there in 1823 to help mark a safe path by the island along a popular commercial route between New York and Boston. It became known as the Cross Rip Lightship.

The Nantucket South Shoals off the island's southeast coast proved hazardous for transatlantic shipping. In some locations, the water can be as shallow as three feet. The shoals were a notorious shipwreck site, so the government stationed a lightship at the South Shoals in 1854. A lightship operated at the South Shoals until 1983 when it was replaced by a large navigation buoy. It was at the time America's last working lightship. By 1985, new technologies rendered the old lightship program obsolete.Lightships were manned vessels, and many Nantucket men were hired to work on the ones around the island. Some of these men had been whalers from back when Nantucket was the epicenter of the whaling industry. Rough coastal weather made the lightboat service perilous. For example, they had no onboard electricity, and the crew's only warmth was furnished by manually tending coal-burning stoves always at risk of breaking loose from their mounts and spilling hot coals during fierce storms that churned up mountainous waves that crashed over the ship.It was lonely, too. I've read how life on a lightship was likened to a term of solitary confinement combined with the horrors of seasickness. It's no wonder these men began making baskets to while away the time.

Cross Rip Lightship - history - marinalife
Cross Rip Lightship on station, circa 1930s | The Nantucket Historical Association

According to several sources, it is likely a man named Thomas James introduced basketmaking to men on the lightships. James, the story goes, had worked in the whaling industry and during his voyages supposedly made baskets in his spare time. When he began working on the South Shoals Lightboat, he took up his old pastime while on duty and sold his work on leave in Nantucket town. It wasn't long before he taught his skill to his fellow lightship men.

Though the classic Nantucket basket is attributed to men aboard lightships in the mid-19th century, it's important to remember that its distinctive design was probably inspired by baskets originally woven with ash wood by the Wampanoags, the island's indigenous people.Lighthouse baskets typically were round and built on a mold with flat wooden bottoms to which staves (ribs) were attached to form the basic shape. Cane, also known as rattan, was then woven in and around the staves from bottom to top. Each basket was finished with a wooden handle. Tops and decorative elements weren't added until later. These baskets became popular with locals and tourists and thus became known as Nantucket lightship baskets. They're very desirable today among collectors.

Basketmaking Enters the 20th Century

By 1905, the last man from Nantucket manned a local lightship. Shortly thereafter, the federal government banned basket-making aboard lightships to end moon-lighting commerce. The craft then moved on island where it was taken up by a new generation of basket weavers who began personalizing their work and looking for ways to make them stand out and appeal to the growing tourist trade.

Nantucket basket lamp - history - marinalife
The author and Nantucket basket lamp

One of the most significant of this new generation of basket makers was José Reyes, a Filipino with an Education degree from Harvard, who served in the U.S. Navy fighting the Japanese and then after the war immigrated to Nantucket where his wife's family had a home. Unable to find a job in education, he repaired cane furniture and learned to make Nantucket lighthouse style baskets.

Reyes is credited in 1948 for adding a top to the lightship basket and turning it into a purse for women. These purses, later known as friendship purses, quickly became de rigour for well-to-do summer residents. Reyes later included ivory carvings to adorn the purse tops. Rumor has it the name originated when a woman carrying one of Reyes' purses while visiting Paris noticed another woman with the same purse. She yelled out Friendship! and the two strangers became lifelong friends linked by their shared love of Nantucket.Paul Whitten, another basket maker, helped elevate artistic appreciation for the Nantucket basket when he was invited in 1974 by the Smithsonian Institution's Renwick Gallery to submit one of his pieces in a national arts and crafts competition. His basket was selected to appear in the gallery and then tour the country with other competition winners as part of a traveling exhibit. Whitten's basket was purchased by the Smithsonian for its permanent collection. Whitten also wrote extensively about Nantucket baskets, which has been important to preserving the history of this unique craft.Today the lightship basket influence can be seen in jewelry, cribs, bike baskets and all sorts of decorative pieces sold on and off island. Yours truly even owns a pair of tall handsome lamps modeled on the classic Nantucket Basket. There's even an auction market for exceptional baskets woven on Nantucket. A recent piece went for more than $100,000. Who'd have thunk it?

Nantucket Lighthouse Basket Museum

If you're visiting Nantucket and want to delve deeper into the history of these unique baskets and learn more about their makers, you won't want to miss the Nantucket Lighthouse Basket Museum. It features a permanent collection of baskets, special exhibits and basket weaving classes. The museum website also has a variety of fascinating videos, including an interview with noted basket weaver José Reyes.

Location: 96 Main St.,Nantucket, MA 02554

Hours: May 28 - October 17, open daily 10:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.

nantucketlightshipbasketmuseum.org

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The Origins of Fish Capture Flags
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I've never had much luck saltwater fishing. My first outing as a young boy was holding a handline over the side of my grandfather Pop Hunter's motorboat in the shallow bay behind Alligator Point east of Apalachicola, Florida. Pop and my father were after redfish, and I wasn't expected to catch anything. Sit and be quiet, they said. So I did, until something grabbed my line, and I let out a scream.

Fish flags - history - marinalife
Fish flags | Jodi

My grandfather snatched the line and began battling a strong fish with just his tough freckled hands. That fish turned out to be a small hammerhead shark! When he finally pulled it onboard, he tossed it at my feet where it thrashed about, and I began screaming again certain it was going to bite me until Pop threw it back in the bay. He thought it was hilarious and told the story repeatedly that summer. Somewhat traumatized, I didn't go saltwater fishing again for years. When I finally did, all I managed to hook was a four-inch starfish. Like Pop, the fishing boat operator laughed. It was a first, he said, and he lamented that he didn't have an appropriate starfish flag to hoist for our return trip to the dock.

Spend time around harbor docks and marinas, especially in the afternoon when the fishing boats come in, and you'll undoubtedly notice rectangular flags featuring different kinds of fish fluttering on outrigger halyards. Though they might look decorative, they're not. These fish flags, more formally referred to as capture flags, are colorful signals to let others know which fish were biting that day. It's a tradition born in the days before daily fishing reports began to appear in newspapers and on radio.

The earliest capture flags on record are attributed to The Tuna Club of Santa Catalina Island, California, a private fishing club started in 1898 by Los Angeles Times editor Dr. Charles Holder for the southern California and Hollywood elite. The Tuna Club refers to itself as the oldest fishing club in the United States, and it's still going strong.Charlie Chaplin, Bing Crosby, Cecil B. DeMille, William Wrigley and George S. Patton were among its early members. Teddy Roosevelt was an honorary member. Members flew large colored flags on their boats to alert their fellow anglers when they caught tuna, swordfish and marlin. The practice quickly spread, and sport fisherman and charter boat captains on both coasts began hoisting flags to announce their catch as they pulled into the docks.

In Florida, the West Palm Beach Fishing Club (WPBFC) added a different twist to the fish flag. Founded in 1934 during the Great Depression, the WPBFC's mission was to promote fishing to lure visitors to the Palm Beaches and stimulate the local economy. Given the proximity of the Gulf Stream and its big game fish, the club initiated the Silver Sailfish Derby fishing competition, a celebration of one of the world's most elegant and iconic sport fishes. The Derby was the first serious billfish competition in the country. It quickly became the in thing to do for wealthy tourists. And it still occurs every January.

red sailfish capture flag - history - marinalife
Derby Queen with red sailfish capture flag | WPBFC

Derby Queen with red sailfish capture flag | WPBFC[/caption]Here's the twist. Club members soon became concerned that too many sailfish were being caught and not consumed or mounted as trophies. As a result, WPBFC established new rules to restrict the number and size of sailfish captured and brought aboard boats during the derby. To help incentivize the policy, they encouraged contestants to raise a triangular red pennant to signify smaller sailfish that were caught and released so they could still be given their proper due. The national media seized on it with vigor. And in turn, the red pennant inspired other contests geared toward catch-and-release fishing and helped change the nature of big game fishing. It also furthered the practice and the prevalence of flying fish flags.

As sport fishing became more popular and accessible to Americans in the 1960s and 1970s, so too did fish flags. This was driven in part by a growing number of game fishing tournaments with affordable entry fees and guaranteed prize money. Competitors wanted to show off their fishing prowess, so flag companies were more than happy to begin making and supplying 12"x18" canvas and nylon flags featuring the most popular varieties of sport fish marlin, swordfish, sailfish, tuna, mahi-mahi, wahoo, etc. that we still see on boats today.Sharks, by the way, merit a capture flag. You can't miss it. It's usually a vibrant red color and features a white shark. To the best of my knowledge, there's still not a starfish flag.

HOW TO FLY YOUR FISH FLAG

white marlin - history - marinalife
White Marlin | Lunamarina

You need not worry about official regulations for displaying fish capture flags. Protocols vary from location to location. That said, more experienced fishermen tend to follow some informal rules of thumb.

  • Fish flags are generally flown on the port or starboard outrigger halyard and in order of merit, meaning game fish with bills (marlins, swordfish and sailfish) go at the top and others follow in order of size from largest to smallest. Shark flags are often flown on the bottom.
  • It's appropriate to fly a flag for each fish caught, though some say you should only fly one yellow mahi-mahi flag no matter how many you land. In Hawaii, some boats will run a black pirate flag beneath the mahi-mahi when more than 20 are caught.
  • Never run flags all the way to the top of the rigger; keep them about three quarters up the rigger and spaced at least six inches apart as this is optimal for visibility.
  • Flying a fish flag upside down is the most common way to signal a successful catch and release. Some fishermen, however, prefer to fly a fish flag right side up with a smaller square red flag beneath it or a red T-flag to indicate a fish was tagged and released. Red pennants are still sometimes used.
  • A fish flag should never hang on the halyard for more than a few hours, though charter boats might fly them for 24 hours to help attract clients.
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On the Trail of Ernest Hemingway
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Mornings at the home on 907 Whitehead Street in 1930s-era Key West were filled with the faint sounds of a pencil on paper or fingers flicking the keys on a Royal-brand typewriter. By early afternoon, this illustrious inhabitant had finished his work for the day, satisfied with the progress on his latest novel and went for a walk.

hemingway's boat - hemingway - marinalife
Hemingway's fishing boat, Pilar | Sura Ark

Sometimes, the destination was his favorite watering hole, Sloppy Joe's. Other times, he'd head for the docks and cast off on a fishing trip aboard his beloved Pilar. Still other days, he went to the Key West Arena to referee in boxing matches featuring local fighters of Bahamian descent.Today, it's possible to retrace the footsteps of one of Key West's most recognizable past residents, Ernest Hemingway. The same is true of the Bahamian island of Bimini to the north and Cuba to the south. This trio of tropical locations is where Hemingway lived and visited for more than 30 years and inspired some of the Pulitzer and Nobel prize-winning author's works.Born in 1899 in Oak Park, Chicago, Hemingway grew up excelling athletically and academically. High grades in English led to his first literary pursuit, as editor of his high school newspaper and yearbook. After graduation, he worked as a cub reporter for The Kansas City Star, where the periodical's style guide shaped his writing – short sentences, short paragraphs, no slang, no superfluous words.Over the next decade, he served as a World War I ambulance driver, a Paris-based foreign correspondent, and then transitioned from journalist to writer with the novel, The Sun Also Rises, centered on bullfighting in Pamplona, Spain. Hemingway then married his second wife, Pauline, in 1927, and the two moved back to America.

KEY WEST, FLORIDA1928-1939

Ernest and Pauline never meant to call Key West home. The two first arrived at the southernmost town in the Continental United States on a steamship from Cuba after a long cold winter in Paris. It was April 1928.

Finca Vigia - hemingway - marinalife
Finca Vigia, Cuba | JFK Collection

Pauline's Uncle Gus had bought the couple a Model A Ford, and it was supposed to be in Key West when they arrived. There weren't the bridges we have now. Most everything was shipped in by boat or rail. The car dealer was so embarrassed the car wasn't there that he offered Hemingway and his wife an apartment above the dealership to stay. That dealership was on Simonton Street. It was called the Trev-Mor Ford. Today the building is a private residence called Casa Antigua. Hemingway was so inspired by Key West that he finished A Farewell to Arms while staying at the apartment. Just think, if the car had been ready, he might not have lived in Key West, and it would have been a whole other story, says Carol Shaughnessy, a 40-year Key West resident, who works with Newman PR's Florida Keys News Bureau, and is former director of the city's Hemingway Days festival.Pauline's Uncle Gus bought the Hemingways' home on Whitehead Street for them in 1931. Originally built in 1851, the two-story Spanish Colonial-style house undertook a massive restoration and remodeling that included the addition of a pool in the late 1930s. Today, the Hemingway Home is a National Historic Landmark, open for daily tours.His writing studio probably was his favorite room. He was able to get out of bed in his master bedroom and walk across the catwalk and start his day writing. He would continue writing until around noon, says Alexa Morgan, director of PR for the Hemingway Home & Museum, who adds that the author penned a huge portion of his life's work here.Hemingway was an animal lover, so he enjoyed it when a ship captain gifted his sons a kitten and they named it Snow White, adds Morgan. Polydactyl cats are meant to be of good luck. A quote of his, ‘One cat just leads to another,' is one of our favorites, since we currently have 58 (many are six- and seven-toed) cats on the property. We kept his tradition alive by naming our resident felines after famous people from Ernest's time, adds Morgan.Several other Key West places to visit can pick up on the vibe of Hemingway. One of the most famous is Sloppy Joe's Bar, now located at 201 Duval Street. Local legend tells that Hemingway drank with the owner, Joe Russell, before the bar's official opening date of December 5, 1933, when Prohibition was repealed. Hemingway is also credited with encouraging Joe to re-name his saloon Sloppy Joe's, in remembrance of a bar in Havana, which had ‘sloppy' melted ice on the floor.The Blue Heaven Restaurant, at the corner of Petronia & Thomas streets, is where Hemingway slipped in unrecognized at Bahamian boxing fights in the then-named Key West Arena. The SALT Gallery at 830 Fleming Street, a half-mile north of Hemingway's home, was once called Mrs. Rhoda Baker's Electric Kitchen, where he dined on 20-cent ‘club breakfasts.'Hemingway's passion for big game fishing ignited in Key West. He bought Pilar, a 38-foot wheeler, and often fished with Charles Thompson, who owned a hardware store at Thompson's Docks on Caroline Street, the location of Key West Historic Seaport today. The two pushed far into the gulf stream, as well as to the Dry Tortugas, fishing for monster blue marlin and bluefin tuna. Charter boat captain Bra Saunders was at the helm onHemingway's and Thompson's first trip to the Dry Tortugas. Saunders' gnarled hands are said to be the author's inspiration for those of the old Cuban fishermen, Santiago, in Old Man and the Sea.The last time Hemingway and his friends fished in the Dry Tortugas, a tropical storm marooned them for two-plus-weeks at what is now Fort Jefferson. Nowadays, a high-speed catamaran ferry takes visitors on day trips from Key West to Fort Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas National Park.

BIMINI, THE BAHAMAS1935-1937

Hemingway's love of fishing, bolstered by his adventurous spirit and 1933 trip to hunt big game on Africa's Serengeti plains, enticed him to stalk giant bluefin tuna. In 1935, he first ventured to Bimini, with catches of 514- and 610-pound tuna soon to his credit.

Hemingway House Facade - hemingway - marinalife
Hemingway House Facade | Hemingway Home and Museum

When he wasn't aboard Pilar, he was at his home on Alice Town's Main Street, where only cinder rubble and a commemorative sign remain today, or at a small hotel and bar called the Compleat Angler. This hotel burned down in 2006, and with it all the Hemingway memorabilia, though a monument stands there today.Across the way, at the Bimini Big Game Club Resort & Marina, two framed photos on the wall at the bar are real finds for Hemingway aficionados. One is a 1939-written letter from Michael Lerner, of New York's Lerner Corporation store fame, to Hemingway, in what was initial correspondence between the two avid anglers to promote releasing rather than killing their catch. The second is Hemingway's concurring reply.We don't have a chair at the bar where we can say Hemingway sat, but the old-time Bimini vibe, the way it felt when he was here, is still very much alive, says Stephen Kappeler, the club's managing director. We have guests that come to soak up that feeling of when Hemingway was here. Of course, they also come here to sport fish off their own boats as Hemingway did or on charters.Just west of the club off Queen's Highway is the Dolphin House. This museum and home were hand-built from recycled materials by Ashley Saunders, a fifth generation Biminite. Saunders' relatives boxed with Hemingway on makeshift rings on the beach. Open to the public, the museum showcases Hemingway artifacts, his sayings like Write drunk, edit sober on the walls, and old photos such as Pauline cutting his hair outside.

HAVANA, CUBA1940-1960

Hemingway divorced Pauline, and with his third wife Martha, he bought a home he called Finca Vigía in the San Francisco de Paula neighborhood, about 15 miles south of Havana. The 1886 property, with its incredible view of Havana, is where Hemingway wrote The Old Man and the Sea. It's now a museum, and the grounds are open for public tour. He and later fourth wife, Mary, enjoyed Havana's bohemian nightclub scene in the late 1940s and 1950s with Hollywood glitterati like Spencer Tracy, Katharine Hepburn and Ava Gardner. Up until the last year of his life, Hemingway continued to sport fish.

hemingway - marinalife
Ernest Hemingway on a dock with a tuna | JFK Collection

In 1960, Hemingway last participated in an Ernest Hemingway International Billfish Tournament. It was then that he and Fidel Castro, also a participating angler, met. When we founded our Hemingway International Yacht Club in 1992, we wanted to recall the history of the former International Yacht Club of Havana, which, in 1950, organized the first Ernest Hemingway International Billfish Tournament. We have a seat of honor at the club and photos on the wall that show that meeting, says Commodore Jose Escrich.The area between the Morro Castle at the entrance of Havana Bay and the town east of Havana called Cojímar is known as the Hemingway Mile. Here he frequently fished aboard Pilar. Escrich says anglers competing in the tournament today catch most of their fish in this area.

Hemingway Days

Immerse yourself in the life, legend and lore of Ernest Hemingway, at the Hemingway Days festival in Key West. Set for July 19-24, 2022, to coincide with Hemingway's birthday on July 21, the week-long celebration features a Hemingway Look-Alike Contest at Sloppy Joe's Bar, a Running of the Bulls where contestants and past contest winners parade down Duval Street with hand-built bulls, a fishing tournament, 5K run and paddleboard race that are both a nod to Hemingway as an avid sportsman, and the Lorian Hemingway Short Story Competition, coordinated and judged by the author's granddaughter, Lorian Hemingway. For more, go to hemingwaydays.net

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Avocados and Elephants
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When you think about Miami Beach, I seriously doubt avocados and elephants come to mind. Nightlife and models probably do. Art deco architecture might. Don Johnson might if you're above a certain age. Luxury boats certainly should, because they are big business in South Florida.

Companies that promote boating lifestyles from family fishing to yacht cruising contribute $12.5 billion annually to the regional economy, according to the Marine Industries Association of South Florida. The re-tooled 2022 Miami International Boat Show is expected to be one of the largest events in the world.

Carl G. Fisher - history - marinalife
Carl G. Fisher | Wikimedia Commons

Yet, it was the humble avocado that lured a New Jersey Quaker by the name of John Collins to a desolate strip of mangroves, swamp, mosquitoes and crocodiles four miles off the shore of Miami. Earlier men tried growing coconuts there, but they had neither the horticultural experience nor the passion of John Collins, who ran a successful nursery and farmers' supply yard in the Garden State and had a reputation as an innovative farmer.

In the late 1890s, Collins joined a partnership with fellow New Jerseyans to turn the untamed barrier peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and Biscayne Bay into a full-fledged, modern farm growing exotic crops such as avocados, commonly known back then as alligator pears. Native to Mexico and Central and South America, the first avocado groves were planted in Florida in 1833. The state today is the second largest producer of avocados in the United States.

Clearing the land proved to be a time-consuming and costly venture. Work was done by hand by black laborers with machetes until Collins built a tractor with special knife-bladed wheels. By 1909, he had cleared 1,670 acres of land, bought out his partners, and was successfully growing avocados, mangos, and tomatoes. He was 71 years old.At this point, younger members of the Collins family got involved, curious to know what the old boy was doing in South Florida and where the family money was going. They immediately saw the tourism potential of the seaside property and formed a development company. One of their major projects was to build a bridge to the mainland. They dreamed of riches derived from creating a new "Atlantic City" in south Florida - a nod to the wildly popular New Jersey beach resort they knew at home.

John S. Collins - history - marinalife
John S. Collins | Wikimedia Commons

The bridge project proved much more expensive than planned, mainly because instead of using basic wooden support pilings they had to sink the pilings in sheet iron casings filled with concrete to stave off the wood-eating teredos (aka shipworms) in Biscayne Bay. Work ground to a halt with only a half mile of bridge built.

Enter Carl Fisher, a wealthy entrepreneur from Indiana who made his fortune in the early years of the automobile industry. Fisher was also a sportsman with an affinity for fast cars and boats. He launched the Indianapolis 500 and was involved in developing the Dixie Highway that linked the Midwest to Florida.

The story goes that while on a fishing trip, the unfinished bridge sticking out into Biscayne Bay caught Fisher's eye. With Fisher's money, the Collins family completed the bridge in 1913. At the time it was the longest wooden bridge in the world.

Carl Fisher and his wife Jane settled on the peninsula. They too started a real estate development firm and built the first luxury hotel The Flamingo along with tennis courts, a swimming pool, golf course and polo field. Fisher also joined the Collins family and other early developers to incorporate Miami Beach in 1915.

By now you must be wondering where the elephants come in? Well, Carl Fisher had a talent for promotion. He realized his hotel and local businesses and the fledgling city would need publicity to thrive. He hired beautiful young women in skimpy bathing suits, organized speed boat races, and even went so far as to bring in a pair of pachyderms Rosie and Carl Junior.

Fisher sent the media photos of bathing beauties on the beach and at The Flamingo and of the elephants helping clear the land, rolling out the polo grounds, and performing for childrens' birthday parties anything he could think of to attract attention.

Villa Vizcaya - history - marinalife
Villa Vizcaya | pxhere.com

Rosie once made an appearance at a bank opening. Cameras flashed, people cheered and Rosie shat all over the bank floor. Rosie, however, could do no wrong. The media and the public went wild for her. Rosie became so popular across the country that she even had her own fan club.

Fisher's pièce de résistance was luring President Warren G. Harding to Miami Beach and to his Flamingo Hotel in the winter of 1921 where the President was photographed swimming, enjoying cocktails and sport fishing aboard Fisher's yacht. The President even agreed to be photographed with Rosie as his caddy during a round of golf. Fisher's publicity put Miami Beach on the map as a fashionable resort. Visitors came. Property prices boomed. Fisher even recruited architects to design hotels in the Art Deco style du jour.

And during it all, while his children prospered in real estate, John Collins never forgot about his avocado trees. By 1922, Miami Beach had the largest avocado and mango groves in the world. But you already know how this story turned out. Avocados and farmland gave way and were simply no match for the tourist trade. Hotels kept getting built, and visitors kept on coming.

John Collins died in 1928 at the age of 90. The city named its main thoroughfare Collins Avenue in his honor. Carl Fisher died in 1939, and the city erected a monument to the man known as The Father of Miami Beach in 1941. Rosie the elephant outlived them both! And the city they helped build enjoys a reputation today as a world class tourist destination with no sign of slowing down.

Must-See Historic Properties in the Miami Area

Villa Vizcaya Museum & Gardens

vizcaya.org

James Deering, the co-founder of International Harvester built this over-the-top Italian Renaissance-style villa in 1914. Deering used the 34-room home as his winter retreat until his death in 1925. Of note is the elaborate stone Venetian barge built offshore in Biscayne Bay to protect the house from storms and used as a venue for parties and a mooring point for Deering's yacht, Nepenthe, which sank in the ferocious hurricane of 1926.

The Barnacle

floridastateparks.org/parks-and-trails/barnacle-historic-state-park

The oldest house in Miami-Dade County still stands in its original location on Biscayne Bay. It was built in 1891 by Ralph M. Munroe, a noted south Florida photographer, yacht designer and first Commodore of the Biscayne Bay Yacht Club. An active naturalist, Munroe preserved the property's original tropical hardwood forest (aka hammock) and fought against establishing of artificial islands and pumping raw sewage into the bay. He died in 1933 and his family lived here until it became a state park in 1973.

Ancient Spanish Monastery - history - marinalife
Ancient Spanish Monastery | Pallowick on Wikimedia Commons

The Ancient Spanish Monastery

spanishmonastery.com

This 12th century monastery of St. Bernard de Clairvaux was purchased in Spain by newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst in 1925. He had the stone structure dismantled and shipped across the Atlantic in 11,000 boxes to New York. Mr. Hearst intended it to grace the grounds of his San Simeon estate in California. But the Great Depression intervened, he lost interest and the crates sat in a warehouse in Brooklyn until 1952. Eventually, the monastery was purchased and painstakingly re-assembled in Florida. In 1964, it was given to the local Episcopal Diocese in North Miami Beach and is one of the best Medieval reconstructions in America.

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The Sperry Boat Shoe
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[caption id="attachment_323539" align="alignleft" width="247"]

Portrait of Paul Perry - history - marinalife

Portrait of Paul Perry | Sperry[/caption]

One of my fondest summer memories was back in the late 1960s when my brother and I took sailing lessons at Pelican Harbor in Miami's Biscayne Bay. Our mom outfitted us in matching blue bathing suits and white Sperry canvas boat shoes. Boy, did we feel just like real sailors tacking and jibing around the Bay in our little fiberglass Sunfish sailboat.

A decade later at the University of Virginia, I discovered the brown leather Sperry Top-Sider. The wooden floors at dear old Theta Chi were incredibly slippery on Friday nights due to vast quantities of spilled beer. Smart preppies wore Top-Siders to keep their balance while executing intricate dance maneuvers such as dips, spins, pretzels and double pretzels.

Preventing a slip and fall is what drove Paul Sperry of New Haven, CT, to invent the shoe in the first place. An avid boater, Paul had served in the Naval Reserve in 1917 and was a member of the New York Yacht Club. His grandfather was a boat builder before serving in the Civil War. You could say boating was in his blood.

The story goes that one winter day in 1935, Paul was watching his Cocker Spaniel Prince run around on ice when he had an aha moment. Just a year earlier, Paul had slipped from the deck of his sailboat and tumbled into the Long Island Sound.

After examining the dog's paws, he used a penknife to recreate its design on pieces of rubber. He kept modifying the design until he came up with a herringbone zigzag design, which proved to be even more slip resistant than Prince's paws. Within a few years, he was producing and selling a canvas boating shoe with this unique non-slip sole to members of the Cruising Club of America.

A leather version soon followed. It was innovative too with its moccasin design and lacing that wrapped around the shoe so it could be tightened up. The leather was tanned using a unique process to enable it to hold up to salt and water. He named it the Top-Sider because it helped keep you topside on a boat deck.

[caption id="attachment_323540" align="alignright" width="200"]

cocker spaniel - history - marinalife

Cocker Spaniel paw inspired Sperry | Alek Bujišić[/caption]

Paul Sperry's shoes subsequently caught the eye of War Department officials who used its sole design for U.S. Navy shoes. The canvas shoe became official footwear of the Naval Academy's casual uniform. In 1941, Paul sold his patents and the Sperry name to the U.S. Rubber Company, which made Keds sneakers among other products, and focused his career on the family textile business. He passed away in 1982 at the age of 87.

After the war, U.S. Rubber continued marketing and selling Top-Siders to the boating community. Then a couple of unexpected events forever changed the perception and marketability of Sperry boat shoes.

The first was the dashing young John F. Kennedy who was photographed wearing Top-Siders around Cape Cod during his presidency. His casual and sporty-style sensibility influenced college students in the early 1960s, especially those in the Northeast, and what we now call the preppie style was born. Top-Siders were among their shoes of choice.

Secondly, surfers in southern California began wearing canvas Sperry shoes to the beach. The shoes became part of the 1960's California surf culture craze.

Boat shoes became cool with a youthful demographic. Actor Bob Denver wore canvas ones on the popular 1960s TV sitcom Gilligan's Island. Author Lisa Birnbach brought them front and center to prep school and college campuses in The Official Preppy Handbook, published in 1980. (I still have my original copy.)

[caption id="attachment_323541" align="alignleft" width="253"]

sperrys - history - marinalife

Courtesy of Sperry[/caption]

Yachtsman Dennis Conner's three America's Cup victories in the 1980s helped to raise the shoe's visibility even more when he became the brand spokesman. I don't think it's a stretch to say Top-Siders were the de facto footwear of the 1980s, worn sockless, of course. Until they weren't. As they say in fashion: one day you're in, the next day you're out. Though I don't think they ever truly went out of style with boaters.

Today, the Sperry boat shoe is experiencing a revival in popularity with new colors, designs and fabrics. I recently went in search of a pair. While I had in mind the original brown leather Top-Sider, I purchased instead a blue and white striped canvas model, but still with the ubiquitous rawhide lacing.

Once I slipped my feet into them, I remembered why they were my go-to casual shoe for so long. And though I'm unlikely to be on a fraternity dance floor this summer, I'll certainly be able to maneuver the ramps and decks at some of my favorite watering holes with comfort, confidence and style thanks to Paul and Prince.

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Glass Bottom Boats - See Beneath the Waves
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"All aboard on the glass bottom boat, it's the greatest show that was ever afloat. Take a ride on the tide with the guide and see, the way out wonders of the deep blue sea."

Glass Bottom Boat in Oregon - History - Marinalife
Glass Bottom Boat in Oregon from The Catalina Island Museum

Actress Doris Day sang these words in the 1966 MGM film entitled -- no surprise -- The Glass Bottom Boat. In this romantic comedy, she plays a glass bottom boat tour operator on California's Catalina Island who also performs as a mermaid and is mistaken by NASA scientists as a Soviet spy. Producer-writer Everett Freeman claimed his inspiration for the film came after riding on one of Catalina's famous glass bottom boats.

Tourists have taken rides on these vessels in Catalina since the 1890s. Many historians believe the concept for these boats originated on the rocky island 20 miles offshore and southwest of Los Angeles.

The story goes that an abalone fisherman named Charley Feige built a wooden box with a glass pane in the bottom. He'd hang over the side of his skiff and submerge the box in the clear water of Catalina's Avalon Bay to search out mollusks below. One day, according to island lore, a local hermit saw Feige fishing and wisely suggested that he instead put a glass pane in the bottom of his rowboat. Feige took the hermit's advice and subsequently so did other Catalina fisherman.

As tourism started to become a lucrative business on Catalina Island, Feige began ferrying visitors out in his small boat to peer down through its bottom and into the bay. Other enterprising men caught wind of this and soon built bigger, more comfortable wooden boats, some with poles and awnings to keep the sun off the tourists.

Sugarloaf and Early Glass Bottom Boats - History - Marinalife
Sugarloaf and Early Glass Bottom Boats from The Catalina Island Museum

By the early 20th century, glass bottom boat rides were quite in vogue, according to the Catalina Island Museum. Visitors clamored to see the marine life in Avalon Bay, especially the lush kelp forests that were likened to a ballet with swaying leaves folding and unfolding in the water.

William Wrigley, who made his fortune from chewing gum and was the largest landholder on Catalina Island, got into the game, too. He commissioned a fleet of glass bottom boats to help promote island tourism. One of his boats, Phoenix, was 109 feet long, the largest glass bottom boat in the world. It looked more like a gentleman's yacht than the other more modest boats.

Glass Bottom Boats Tour - History - Marinalife
Glass Bottom Boat Tour by Gina Trapani

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Americans started to travel for leisure to experience the fast-growing country. They journeyed by rail, coach and boat, taking in the scenery, history and cuisine at their destinations.

The American West, especially California, caught the imagination of these adventuresome tourists, but so too did Florida, particularly the north central part of the state that is home to more than 700 freshwater springs that stay cool no matter how hot the air temperature. Americans read about these springs and the untamed wilderness in newspapers and magazines by popular writers of the day. They called inland Florida "America's Garden of Eden," long before beach tourism took hold in the state.

Silver Springs was one of the larger and better-known springs. It's still operating today. Some Florida historians estimate that 50,000 people visited it annually by the end of the 1880s. It featured a 200-person hotel with dancing and concerts and -- you guessed it -- a glass bottom boat.

If you believe the folks at Silver Springs, a man named Hullam Jones built a small wooden boat and inserted a pane of glass in the bottom to help him search for fallen cypress logs in river and springs. The owner of Silver Springs, Ed Carmichael, supposedly took the idea and built a flat, glass bottom boat so his guests could view the aquatic life beneath the surface.

Glass bottom boat front - History - Marinalife
Glass Bottom Boat Looker from Wikimedia Commons

Many who documented Florida tourism have expressed doubt at this origin story. They point out that no glass bottom boat was mentioned in any late 19th century promotional writings about Silver Springs. The debate continues to this day.

Regardless of when the boat made its initial appearance in Florida, it's safe to say slow-moving, flat, glass bottom boats were used at most Florida springs resorts by the early 1920s. While Florida spring water was crystal clear, the tourist attraction owners realized the glass in the bottom of the boat provided guests with a better look below, because it removed optically erratic surface disturbances, much like a diving mask.

In 1947, Texas entrepreneur A.B. Rogers introduced a glass bottom boat at Silver Lake in San Marcos, TX, after riding on one in Catalina. Like many glass bottom boat operators, he provided other entertainment to lure visitors, such as swimming pigs and attractive young women dressed as mermaids. In 1953, a glass bottom boat tour opened in Key West, FL, one of only a few attractions on the island. For most of the 1950s, Silver Springs was drawing more than one million visitors annually.

"All aboard, all aboard, on the glass bottom boat, it's the greatest show that was ever afloat..."

Glass Bottom Boats from Pxhere.com - History - Marinalife
Glass Bottom Boat from Pxhere.com

One summer back in 1969, my grandparents took my brother and me to ride on a glass bottom boat. We left Miami in the morning and five hours later arrived at Silver Springs. We ate sandwiches my grandmother had packed and then after lunch boarded the boat. I remember looking down, excited to see a solid sheet of glass, beneath which would be alligators, sea cows and other exotic creatures.

As you might imagine, it wasn't like that at all. Instead of a glass floor there was what looked to me like a wooden coffin in the middle of the boat with a bunch of adults peering down into it. When I finally took my turn and looked in, there wasn't much to see except a swirl of fish eating food that the guide had dumped into the water to attract and excite them. We had driven hours to look at an aquarium! The experience was quite underwhelming. Luckily, a creepy reptile farm and a Seminole Indian village at Silver Springs was more to our liking.

I share this story, because by 1969 the golden age of the glass bottom boat was waning. Tourism was changing. Air travel was bringing faraway places closer. Interstate highways were slowly choking off quirky mom and pop attractions. Travel was becoming more about entertainment and modern luxury. Disneyland had opened in 1955, and Disney World would open in 1971. People who wanted glass bottom boat cruises, especially in Florida, were seen as old fashioned.

The glass bottom boat, however, proved to be resilient. It may have grown less popular, but it never disappeared. Many seaside destinations continued to offer glass bottom boat tours, including on Catalina Island where it all began. In fact, it's fair to say we're seeing a revival of glass bottom boats this century with the rise of eco-tourism and the rising popularity of water sports.

Glass bottom boats - History - Marinalife
Glass Bottom Boat in the Caribbean from Needpix.com

National Geographic Expedition cruises, for example, feature luxury ships with glass bottom compartments, so guests can safely and comfortably get up close to undersea life in places such as the Arctic and South Pacific. Canoes and kayaks are being manufactured today out of tough transparent polymers so users can observe marine life while gliding over it.

While the popularity of glass bottom boats has ebbed and flowed over the decades, their purpose -- to provide a glimpse into the world below -- remains the same today as it was 100 years ago.

GLASS BOTTOM BOATS - TOURS

Alpena Shipwreck Tours

Alpena, MI

thunderbayfriends.org, 888-469-4696

Explore the shipwrecks of Lake Huron's Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary. (Opens in spring 2021.)

Catalina Island Company

Avalon, CA

visitcatalinaisland.com, 877-778-8322

Take a trip to the island's colorful undersea life at the place where it all started. Charter night trips available.

Fury Water Adventure

Key West, FL

furycat.com, 888-976-0899

Combine a boat ride with a sunset cruise or reef eco-tour.

Glass Bottom Shipwreck Tours

Munising, MI

shipwrecktours.com, 906-387-4477

Discover shipwrecks, cliffs, caves and wildlife on Lake Superior. (Opening date for 2021 to be determined.)

Hawaii Glass Bottom Boats

Honolulu, HI

hawaiiglassbottomboats.com, 808-729-6720

Visit Oahu's south shore to see reefs and shipwrecks by glass bottom catamaran. Private events available.

Key Largo Princess Glass Bottom Boat

Key Largo, FL

keylargoprincess.com, 305-451-4655

Take daily tours to John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park and the Key Largo National Marine Sanctuary.

Kona Glassbottom Boat

Kailua-Kona, HI

konaglassbottomboat.com, 808-324-1749

Delve into the Kailua Bay coastline and nearby reef in a special handcrafted wooden glass bottom boat. Event charters and ash scatterings available.

Silver Springs State Park

Silver Springs, FL

silversprings.com, 352-261-5840

Explore the country's largest natural spring via a classic glass bottom boat, kayak or canoe. Camping, cabins, hiking and horseback riding are also available.

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Cuba's Working Waterfronts
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NOT LONG AFTER publishing his first photography book about Chesapeake Bay watermen, Jay Fleming was ready for a photographic change of venue. He had dedicated three years to taking photos of his home turf and surf in Maryland and Virginia, so he wanted to investigate new places to focus his lens.

Traveling abroad sounded appealing. He scoured the globe for unique destinations and found himself drawn to Cuba, the island located at the convergence of the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean. He would spend nearly a month on two separate occasions exploring this socially and economically isolated country. Its beautifully decrepit streets, ever-optimistic people, and breathtaking landscapes and wildlife would be his new subjects.

Away from the cacophony of tourists and Old Havana thoroughfares and the cliched images of cigar shops and vintage cars, Fleming was on a quest for an authentic Cuba in coastal fishing villages. His first itinerary in 2017 targeted the shorelines on the island's west side in hideaway places such as Playa Larga in the Matanzas Province, Casilda in the Sancti Spíritus Province, and Puerto Esperanza in the Pinar del Río Province. There he would come to know the fishermen, boat builders and people whose living depended upon the harvest and sale of seafood.

His second trip in 2019 brought him to Cojímar, a coastal town east of Havana that is home to the largest fleet of privately owned workboats (190+) on the island. Here he photographed the waterfront as fishermen landed their catch, mechanics worked to keep old motors alive and carpenters did rudimentary woodwork to keep old boats afloat. Other notable waterfront communities visited during this trip included Santa Lucia, Punta de Cartas and La Coloma in the Pinar del Río Province, and Isabela de Sagua in the Villa Clara Province.

Jay Fleming gives us a rare glimpse into a world less than 100 miles from America's shore, where fishermen work the sea in traditional ways not much different than our own Chesapeake watermen.

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Marine Visionaries that Shaped Modern Day Boating
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Twenty years ago, whether you were on land or sea, the new millennium was on everyone's mind, especially for these marine visionaries. Today, the computers that we feared would crash are now in the palms of our hands via iPhone and on our helms via nav stations and more. While the future is fickle to forecast, the past reads like an open book. It takes a true visionary to bridge this gap.

The following are seven marine industry veterans who have shown a keen knack for building these types of bridges. They've taken simple concepts and shown what can and could be done. What's more, these marine visionaries aren't all work and no play. Indeed, all are avid boaters themselves.

Lisa Almeida | Marine Visionaries | Marinalife

Lisa Almeida
Promoting Boating Club-Style

Say the word 'boat' and Lisa Almeida's eyes light up. Almeida, an owner and marketing director of the Venice, FL-headquartered Freedom Boat Club, started boating at age six weeks on her parents' power craft. By age 22, she purchased a Wellcraft outboard. Yet, it wasn't until after a 25-year, land-locked career in telecommunications marketing that boating turned from recreation to a vocation.

"When I started selling memberships in 2009, boat clubs were in a sad state," says Almeida, noting that today, Freedom is the oldest and largest boat club in North America with nearly 90 locations, 20,000-plus members and 2,200-strong fleet. "Dealers couldn't wrap their heads around the concept and thought clubs were competition." The public didn't understand what it was all about, and no one in the industry recognized clubs' contribution. But I knew in my gut that boat clubs were the answer to getting more people on the water.

Almeida is most proud of helping to earn boat clubs a seat at the industry's table via participating in major conferences hosted by organizations such as National Marine Manufacturers Association, Marine Retailers Association of the Americas and Association of Marina Industries.

Looking ahead, it's the shared economy trend, evident in the popularity of Airbnb and ride share like Uber, that will drive future growth of boat clubs exponentially, says Almeida. The key for the future, she adds, is to explain what a boat club is and what it's not. Plus, delivering on promises. It's sound advice from someone who enjoys two boats. Weekend trips on a 32' Monterey and a family watersports day aboard a 22' Sea Ray Sundeck are what keep Almeida's effervescent sparkle for boating afloat.

Carl Blackwell
Boating as Part of a Health Lifestyle

Carl Blackwell knows the cure for the stress of everyday life. In fact, Blackwell, senior VP and chief marketing officer at National Marine Manufacturers Association and president of Grow Boating, Inc. (better known as the Discover Boating campaign) has spent 17 years sharing this secret nationwide. The cure? Boating. Step off the dock, cast off and surround yourself with water. It's a later in life revelation for this Illinois-raised farm boy who swapped marketing beef to boats.

"There were a lot of parallels for me between promoting the beef industry and boating," says Blackwell. Both are nationwide. "Both are industries made up of small, often family-run, businesses. Both needed widespread public contributors for the biggest reach. For boating, it was recognizing the power of people, photography and boats, and using a relatively simple and inexpensive platform like Facebook. Everyone likes to share photos. In short, we grew from 30,000 to now nearly 800,000 followers and won a national award along the way."

Looking ahead, Blackwell sees ways to make boating accessible. One way: dealerships in marinas that offer daily rentals, fractional ownerships, new and used vessel sales, and concierge services. Another is putting rentals in the palm of the public's hand via apps. This extends to businesses too, using apps like Open Table to rent a boat akin to a restaurant as a meeting venue. Blackwell dreams of these ideas when aboard his 35-foot sports cruiser on Lake Michigan with family and friends, taking time to de-stress.

Jack Brewer
The Timeless Value of Service

Twenty years ago was a great time in the boating industry, says Jack Brewer, who founded Brewer Yacht Yards in Mamaroneck, NY. This was after the luxury tax upheaval and before the recession, and Brewer rented slips as fast as he built them. Even when the economy tanked, Brewer avoided layoffs while assembling a group of marinas that spanned from New York to Maine a career achievement of which he is most proud. The secret to Brewer's success is simple and timeless. In fact, it's as relevant today and tomorrow as it was in 1879 when his great grandfather supplied boaters from his hardware store, and in the 1950s when his father anticipated customer needs at the 16-slip marina he bought next to the family's hardware business.

"Service was non-existent when I started running the marina in 1964," says Brewer, who sold his company in 2017 to Safe Harbor and now sits on the board of the Dallas-based largest U.S. marina owner and operator. "Service is how we first paid the mortgage. Detailing them, for example, when they came out of winter storage. In the recession, people kept the boats they had rather than buying new, and service became more important. Boaters want to jump in and go even more with today's time constraints, and I don't see that changing."

Two decades from now, Brewer foresees a growing number of 40- to 50-footers with outboards, more rack storage and more corporations owning marinas. To the next generation, he says, love the business and have fun.' He practices what he preaches, enjoying nothing more than dropping anchor on his MJM 34z Downeast and swimming with his grandchildren in Hamburg Cove, CT.

Duane Kuck
Boats as Life's Best Memory Makers

A boat isn't just a boat for Duane Kuck, president and CEO of Orlando, FL-headquartered Regal Marine Industries. The same held true for Kuck's parents, who cruised with him and his two siblings on the lakes near Whitewater, WI, before moving south to establish Regal 50 years ago. Fast forward, with the third generation of Kucks onboard, the sentiment is the same. That is, boats are products that offer a wonderful way to connect relationships and add value to people's lives.

"Yes, you need to make a profit. However, what's great about our industry, and it's not just a marketing slogan, is putting people first. It's focusing on relationships, from our team here at Regal, to our dealers, our owners, and their family and friends, it's all about what a boat enables a family to do. That vision is what gives us the grit, defined as passion plus perseverance, to face inevitable challenges. For us, this is remaining true to our mission, continuing as a private company in a time of increased consolidations, and focusing on long-term rather than short-term goals over the next 50 years," says Kuck.

Technology is a great example of how Regal has combined tradition and trends. Kuck tests new products himself against the benchmark of making boating easy and enjoyable. For example, gyro stabilizers that help prevent sea sickness, joystick controls that enable boaters to dock, and an auto-routing chartplotter that Kuck installed on his new Regal 42 Flybridge for a first-time cruise around New York's Thousand Islands last summer. Exploring, he says, is his favorite way to spend a day on the water. It's also how Kuck employs his own crafts to make life's fondest memories.

Bob Denison
Bringing Yacht Sales into the 21st Century

Bob Denison was a student at Florida's University of Miami Business School in 1999. His biggest worry? Convincing girls he was cool. Two years later, after brief stints in E-commerce and aerospace, which provided him with Internet, marketing and management skills, Denison founded Denison Yacht Sales. On one hand, he saw this career move as a family obligation. His grandfather, Frank Denison, started Broward Marine and his father, Kit, launched Denison Marine. On the other hand, Denison grew up with a deep passion for the industry and saw opportunity on the horizon.

"Let's be honest, lots of people think our industry is full of sharks and cut-throats. We're always delighted to prove that theory false," says Denison, who also founded Denison's Super Yacht Division in 2014. "Providing a great client experience is what really matters. That usually means sacrificing something to make it happen. In our industry, it means your time. To make a difference, you must be willing to wake-up early, sweat a lot, give up Saturday afternoons to show boats, and always hit the green 'answer' button on your phone."

In the future, Denison hopes technology will make buying and selling yachts better, simpler and definitely cooler. I'm rooting for more brokers to leverage technology to take better care of their clients, he says. People who buy boats are also buying cars and homes and sadly receiving a much better experience in those arenas. Let's hope we catch up by the year 2039.

Marcia Kull
Launching Women on the Water and in Industry Boardrooms

Boating was simpler, significantly less costly due to less technology, and a universal activity for people from all walks of life back in 1999, says marine manufacturing industry veteran, Marcia Kull. Yet Kull, who was born into a boating family and has held legal and operational leadership positions for more than 20 years with big name companies like Genmar, Volvo Penta and Torqeedo, admits that boating back then was still mostly a man's world. Not anymore.

"The creation and introduction of the Women Making Waves initiative at Genmar is my favorite accomplishment," says Kull, president of marine business consultancy, SheGoes, Inc., in Minneapolis. In 2003, "I was the only woman on the executive team. Genmar's management decided they needed to expand their customer base. A logical focus was women. Extensive market research revealed two points. First, women wanted lessons in the skills that often intimidate all boaters backing up a trailer, launching and loading, and driving and trimming. Secondly, they wanted these lessons in the company of other women. From this, we developed a turnkey kit that was available to all 2,000+ Genmar dealers to conduct hands-on women's boating classes at their local public boat ramp."

Women still make up only about 10 to 15% of new boat owners by warranty registration data, according to Kull, who today enjoys her time on the water self-propelled on a surfboard, SUP or kayak. Looking ahead, she'd like to see more women in design, construction, marketing and selling to prospective boat owners.To those following her, Kull throws down this gauntlet: I've always believed that boats need a head design that allows women to use it comfortably and inconspicuously. When the bladder problem is solved, women will spend more time boating. It's time for a great female designer to tackle this issue.

David Rockefeller Jr. | Marine Visionaries | Marinalife

David Rockefeller, Jr.
Protecting the Oceans

Years ago, many equated marine conservation to saving the whales. In the early 1990s, the Atlantic cod fishery collapsed, and a series of reports came out showing that similar downfalls were happening around the world. The U.S. Sustainable Fisheries Act in 1996 stemmed the tide. Overfished stocks in federally managed fisheries dropped two-thirds since 2000 when rebuilt fisheries soared from 0 to 45. In this era David Rockefeller Jr., a keen sailor, environmentalist and philanthropist, realized many sailing and boating friends who deeply loved the oceans were unaware of the issues and not involved in marine conservation.

"I've always been passionate about the sea, says Rockefeller, who owns an IMX 45 racer-cruiser, International One Design day sailer, and MJM 38' powerboat, on which he enjoys cruising the Maine coast. Then, I served as a member of the Pew Oceans Commission and learned from leading scientists, policymakers and others about the issues facing our oceans. The commission issued a comprehensive report in 2003 and outlined a proposed national agenda for protecting and restoring the seas. I realized that we needed to get more sailors, like me, activated and passionate about making this agenda a reality. With David Treadway in 2006, I co-founded Sailors for the Sea, which today is part of Oceana, the largest international organization dedicated to ocean conservation."

Going forward, Rockefeller hopes the boating community will be a true force for marine conservation. He recommends to his boating friends to directly connect to policy campaigns that impact boating, such as marine plastic pollution and oil spills. Because they are so intimately connected to the water, boaters are essential advocates for the seas and can make a huge difference.

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